Juny 2024    
Accés restringit als socis
de l'Xpcat.

Esteu a: Inici , Informació d'interès , Recursos Bibliogràfics.

Recursos Bibliogràfics

Títol: How effective are technology incubators? Evidence from Italy
Autor: Colombo MG Delmastro M
Volum: 31 issue: 7
Pàgines: 1103-1122
Any: 2002
Codi ISBN/ISSN: 0048-7333
Tipus de document: Article
Paraules clau: Incubator, NTBFs; science parks; university industry relations
Idioma: Anglès
Enllaç: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V77-44GKYDR-2/2/54e7a37244c45c725f39f1aa2b4d91aa
Resum: In spite of the diffusion of science parks in Europe, it is still unclear whether they have been successful in fostering the establishment and growth of new technology-based firms (NTBFs). This paper aims to contribute to answer such question. For this purpose, a sample composed of 45 Italian NTBFs which at the beginning of 2000 were located on technology incubator within a park is compared with a control sample of off-incubator firms. Aspects considered in the study include the personal characteristics of founders of NTBFs, the motivations of the self-employment choice, the growth and innovative performances of firms, propensity towards networking, and access to public subsidies. In the comparison, we use a larger set of indicators than in previous studies. The empirical results confirm the conventional wisdom that input and output measures of innovative activity are only marginally different between on- and off-incubator firms. Nonetheless, they also show that Italian parks managed to attract entrepreneurs with better human capital, as measured by educational attainments and prior working experience. In addition, on-incubator firms show higher growth rates than their off-incubator counterparts. They also perform better in terms of adoption of advanced technologies, aptitude to participating in international R&D programs, and establishment of collaborative arrangements, especially with universities. Lastly, they find it easier to get access to public subsidies. Altogether, such findings support the view that science parks are an important element of a technology policy in favor of NTBFs. This holds true especially in a country like Italy which is characterized by a rather weak national innovation system.
Adreça: Univ Pavia, Dipartimento Informat & Sistemist, I-27100 Pavia, Italytecn Milan, CIRET, I-20133 Milan, Italy
Per Nom de Parc
Per Àrees de Recerca
Per Serveis

Xarxa de Parcs Científics i Tecnològics de Catalunya - -
Administració i Oficina Tècnica: Centre d'Empreses de Noves Tecnologies B-27, Parc Tecnològic del Vallès - 08290 Cerdanyola T: 93 582 45 45
Seu Social: Parc Científic de Barcelona, Baldiri Reixac, 10-12 - 08028 Barcelona -  -